PEDIATRIC ASSESSMENTS – Examples
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Intellectual and academic assessment
*** If your child is in difficulty in school or has difficulty paying attention, it is often useful to get his/her hearing and vision checked before moving ahead with a neuropsychological assessment. If audition and vision have already been checked, bring your child`s glasses and/or hearing aid with you.
ADULTS AND OLDER CLIENTS – Examples
- Healthy aging, normal aging and neurodegenerative Disease (e.g. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s Disease)
- Head trauma (e.g. motor-vehicle accidents, sports-related)
- Neurological condition (stroke, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy)
- Neurosurgery (assessing recovery and potential return to work)
- Return to work / school
WHO CAN PERFORM A NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT ?
In the province of Quebec and in Ontario, only a Neuropsychologist member of the College of Psychologists of Ontario with a specific certificate can evaluate and diagnose neuropsychological disorders. For details see An Act to amend the Professional Code and other legislative provisions in the field of mental health and human relations and Bill 21 for the province of Quebec.
Bill 21 states : only Neuropsychologist with a specific certification and Physicians can diagnose Neuropsychological disorders. Diagnosing neuropsychological disorders is based on rigorous administration and interpretation of tests. Other professions may use these tests, as using a test is not a reserved act. However, diagnosis is. Other professionals, are not legally allowed to emit a neuropsychological diagnosis. We recommend that patients be cautious in that sense.
more information here : https://aqnp.ca/la-neuropsychologie/levaluation-en-neuropsychologie/
WHAT IS A NEURO PSYCHOLOGIST ?
A clinical neuropsychologist is a professional psychologist trained in the science of brain-behavior relationships. The clinical neuropsychologist specializes in the application of assessment and intervention principles based on the scientific study of human behavior across the lifespan as it relates to normal and abnormal functioning of the central nervous system (definition by the APA, Div. 40).
Clinical neuropsychologists use current knowledge about the brain-behavior relationship in the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and/or rehabilitation of patients with neurological, medical, neurodevelopmental and/or psychiatric conditions, as well as other cognitive and learning disorders. Diagnosis is primarily based on patient history, qualitative observation of behavior, results on neuropsychological assessment and qualitative analysis of errors/challenges during formal neuropsychological testing.
As neuropsychological evaluation is usually undertaken only after medical causes have been ruled out. Hence, neuropsychologists often work in collaboration with other health professionals. Diagnosis may also draw on findings from neuroimaging and other diagnostic medical procedures. Clinical neuropsychology requires an in-depth knowledge of: neuroanatomical, neurobiology, psychopharmacology and neuropathology.
WHAT IS A PSYCHOLOGIST ?
Similarly, the term Psychologist is protected by law. Other professions may use the word therapist which is not a licensed profession, it can mean many things. Psychologists are extensively trained in the assessment and treatment of human difficulties, and many have a specialized area of practice.
Province of Quebec: https://www.ordrepsy.qc.ca/en/public/find-a-professional2/referral-service.sn
Province of Ontario: https://members.cpo.on.ca/public_register/new
MORE INFORMATION :
You can also click on these links, to get brochures from the American Psychological Association (French or English).
DO NEUROPSYCHOLOGIST PRESCRIBE MEDICATION ?
No. Only Physicians prescribe medication. Your general physician knows about your hearth, your liver, your kidneys and about your overall health. He/she is in the best position to prescribe and monitor the effect of the medication on your body.
We recommend patients to be transparent with their general physician and tell them about any other medication (legal or not) they may take. Some medication may interact or have secondary effects. Your MD is the one in best position to monitor and respond to any issues in that sense.
Long story short : your GP is the central person when it comes to your physical health. We recommend you inform him/her about your process in neuropsychology. The neuropsychologist can also directly contact your GP and vice versa.
Services in both official languages
Services available in both official langages / il est possible d’obtenir une évaluation Neuropsychologique ou Académique en Français ou en Anglais.
ASSESSMENT IN FRENCH OR IN ENGLISH ?
For English speaking children studying in French immersions (and vice versa), a state of the art evaluation comprises a French and an English section.
Neuropsychologists should use assessment methods that are appropriate to an individual’s language preference and competence (Ethical Standard 9.02)
EVALUATIONS EN FRANCAIS OU EN ANGLAIS?
Pour les enfants Anglophones enrôlés dans un programme d’immersion Française, il est essentiel de réaliser une partie de l’évaluation en langue Française et l’autre partie, en Anglais.
Il est du devoir du neuropsychologue de s’ajuster, dans les mesures du possible, à la langue préféré ou à la langue natale du client. Le neuropsychologue doit compléter son évaluation de manière à respecter les préférences et compétence langagières de son client. (Code déontologique, item 9.02)
On this topic, see also
- Guidelines by CPA (Canadian Psychological Association)
- Article by Brickman & Cabo (2006)
- Article by Artiola, Fortuny & Mullaney (1998)